a growing together or fusing; specif.,
- Anat. the growing together of bones originally separate, as of the two halves of the lower jaw or the two pubic bones; also, the line of junction and fusion of such bones
- Bot. the growing together of similar parts of a plant; coalescence
Origin of symphysisModern Latin ; from Gr, a growing together ; from syn-, with + phyein, to grow: see be
- a. A growing together of bones originally separate, as of the two pubic bones or the two halves of the lower jawbone.b. A line or junction thus formed.c. An articulation in which bones are united by cartilage without a synovial membrane.
- The coalescence of similar parts or organs.
Origin of symphysisGreek sumphusis, from sumphuein, to cause to grow together : sun-, syn- + phuein, to cause to grow; see bheu&schwa;- in Indo-European roots.
- sym′phy·se′al , sym·phys′i·al
- The process of two, originally separate bones growing together as the mammalian subject matures, as with the pubic bones or lower jawbones in humans.
- A line discernable on X-ray showing such fusion.
- The cartilaginous material that adjoins and facilitates the junction of such bones, with or without synovia.
From Ancient Greek, via sym- + Ï†ÏÏƒÎ¹Ï‚ (phusis, “growth")