A compound of swine +"Ž herd; before 1100, from Middle English, from Late Old English swÈ³nhyrde (“swineherd"), from Old English swÄ«n (“swine, pig") + Old English hierde (“herd, herder"), cognate with German Schweinehirt, Schweinehirte.
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The island is incidentally described with no small variety of detail, picturesque and topographical; the Homeric localities for which counterparts have been sought are Mount Neritos, Mount Neion, the harbour of Phorcys, the town and palace of Odysseus, the fountain of Arethusa, the cave of the Naiads, the stalls of the swineherd Eumaeus, the orchard of Laertes, the Korax or Raven Cliff and the island Asteris, where the suitors lay in ambush for Telemachus.
He was reared in extreme poverty; but the story of his having been a swineherd in his youth appears to be open to question.
For ` swineherd ") is an allusion to his earlier occupation or an inherited family name.