In most of the pro v i nces the peasants rose and stormed and burnt the houses of the seigneurs, taking peculiar care to destroy their title-deeds.
Some of the seigneurs were murdered and the rest were driven into the towns or across the frontier.
Seigneurs And Dukes Of Retz >>
C. Loyseau, in his Traite des seigneuries (3rd ed., 1610, p. 14), explains that there are two kinds of public seigneuries, that is, sovereign seigneurs, possessing summum imperium, and suzerains, " Les suzeraines sont celles qui ont puissance superieure mais non supreme."
His valedictory thesis at the Ecole des Chartes, Serie chronologique des gardiens et seigneurs des Iles Normandes (1876), was a definitive work and but slightly affected by later research.