When settled they are mostly designated Sarts - a name which has reference more to manner of life than to anthropological classification, although a much stronger admixture of Iranian blood is evident in the Sarts, who also speak Persian at Khojent and Samarkand.
Taranchi or Taranji ("labourer" in Chinese) is the name given to those Sarts who were settled in the Kulja region by the Chinese government after the rising of 1758.
Sarts and Uzbegs.
Two-thirds of the total are Sarts and Uzbegs (of Turkic origin).
The inhabitants are mostly Sarts and Tajiks, trading in cattle, horses and hides.