In 1910, and for many years was secretary of the National Union of Railwaymen, and the most powerful voice in deciding their policy.
For some years he took no very prominent part in Parliamentary life, being actively engaged outside in the interests of his railwaymen, who, besides many smaller disputes, came out in a body in the great strike of 1911.
1918 the rank and file disregarded an agreement which the executive of the National Union of Railwaymen had come to with the Government for an advance of 5s.
In spite of this, there was a general strike of railwaymen in S.
He welcomed both the bill establishing a Ministry of Health and that establishing a Ministry of Transport; but he warned the House of Commons not to expect cheaper passenger fares and freight charges; the railwaymen would not allow themselves to be sweated for the benefit of the travelling public. But, once again, his real activity was outside.