A lighthouse on New Caledonia.Licensed from iStockPhoto
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.
French island in the SW Pacific, east of Australia: with nearby islands an overseas territory of France: 7,172 sq mi (18,575 sq km); pop. 164,000; cap. Nouméa
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
A French overseas territory in the southwest Pacific Ocean consisting of the island of New Caledonia and several smaller islands. The island of New Caledonia was sighted and named by Capt. James Cook in 1774 and annexed by France in 1853. It was a penal colony from 1864 to 1922. Nouméa is the territorial capital. Population: 222,000.