a yellow or brownish-red native phosphate of the rare-earth elements, a major source of thorium, cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, etc.
Origin of monaziteGerman monazit ; from Classical Greek monazein, to be alone (see monastery) + German -it, -ite: so named because of its isolated crystals
A reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare-earth metals, (Ce, La, Nd, Y, Th)PO4, important as a source of cerium and thorium.
Origin of monaziteGreek monazein, to live alone; see monastery + –ite1.
- the dominant element is denoted by a suffix e.g. monazite-Ce