a yellow or brownish-red native phosphate of the rare-earth elements, a major source of thorium, cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, etc.
Origin of monaziteGerman monazit from Classical Greek monazein, to be alone (see monastery) + German -it, -ite: so named because of its isolated crystals
A reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing several rare-earth elements, (Ce, La, Nd, Y, Th)PO4, important as a source of cerium and thorium.
Origin of monaziteGreek monazein to live alone ; see monastery . -ite 1
- the dominant element is denoted by a suffix e.g. monazite-Ce