nounpl. Mensheviks or Mensheviki
a member of the minority faction (Mensheviki) of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, which opposed the more radical majority faction (Bolsheviki) from 1903 on
Origin of MenshevikRussian (1903) ; from menshe, the smaller, less, minority ; from Old Church Slavonic miniji, smaller ; from Indo-European an unverified form mineu-, variant, variety of base an unverified form mei-, to lessen from source Classical Latin minor
of, characteristic of, or like the Mensheviks
nounpl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.
Origin of MenshevikRussian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei-2 in Indo-European roots.