- 1993, May Berenbaum, Ninety-nine More Maggots, Mites, and Munchers, page 226,
- Most are associated with birds (although at least one hundred species deign to dine on mammalian body tissues); the majority of mallophagans on birds (hence the majority of mallophagans in general) have a pair of well-developed claws on the tips of their tarsi.
- 2005, M. J. Lehane, The Biology of Blood-Sucking in Insects, page 8,
- While these mouthparts are not primarily designed to pierce skin some mallophagans do feed on blood. Menacanthus stramineus, a present-day mallophagan, feeds at the base of feathers or on the skin of the chicken.