nounpl. lemmas or lemmata
- a proposition proved, or sometimes assumed, to be true and used in proving a theorem
- the subject of a composition, gloss, or note, esp. when used as a heading
- a term glossed in a list
Origin of lemmaClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek lēmma, something taken or received, something taken for granted ; from lambanein, to seize, assume ; from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)lagw-, to grasp from source latch
the outer or lower of the two bracts or scales surrounding the flower of a grass
Origin of lemmaClassical Greek a husk ; from base of lepein, to peel: see leper
nounpl. lem·mas or lem·ma·ta
- A subsidiary proposition assumed to be valid and used to demonstrate a principal proposition.
- A theme, argument, or subject indicated in a title.
- A word or phrase treated in a glossary or similar listing.
Origin of lemmaLatin lēmma, from Greek, from lambanein, to take.
The lower of the two bracts that enclose each floret in a grass spikelet.
Origin of lemmaGreek, husk, from lepein, to peel.
(plural lemmas or lemmata)
- (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
- (linguistics, usually) The canonical form of an inflected word.
- (linguistics, less frequently) A lexeme; all the inflected forms of a term.
- (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lēmma, “premise, assumption”), from λαμβάνω (lambanō, “I take”).