- the late 19th-cent. struggle between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government over control of education, civil marriage, etc.
- any prolonged conflict over values, beliefs, etc.
Origin of KulturkampfGerman ; from Kultur + kampf, a battle
- The struggle (1871–1883) between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government under Bismarck for control over school and ecclesiastical appointments and civil marriage.
- A conflict between secular and religious authorities: “The 1920s proved to be the focal decade in the Kulturkampf of American Protestantism” (Richard Hofstadter).
Origin of KulturkampfGerman : Kultur, Kultur; see Kultur + Kampf, struggle (from Middle High German, from Old High German kamph, probably ultimately from Latin campus, field).
From German Kulturkampf (“culture war”).