- the late 19th-cent. struggle between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government over control of education, civil marriage, etc.
- [alsok-] [usually not in italics] any prolonged conflict over values, beliefs, etc.
Origin of KulturkampfGerman from Kultur + kampf, a battle
- The struggle (1871-1883) between the Roman Catholic Church and the German government under Bismarck for control over school and ecclesiastical appointments and civil marriage.
- A conflict between secular and religious authorities: “The 1920s proved to be the focal decade in the Kulturkampf of American Protestantism” ( Richard Hofstadter )
Origin of KulturkampfGerman Kultur Kultur ; see Kultur. Kampf struggle ( from Middle High German) ( from Old High German kamph ) ( from Germanic kampaz field of battle ) ( from Latin campus field ; see campus. )
From German Kulturkampf (“culture war”).