"Karelia." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 07 December 2018. <https://www.yourdictionary.com/karelia>.
Karelia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07th, 2018, from https://www.yourdictionary.com/karelia
A region of northwest Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea. Inhabited since ancient times by the Karelians, the area later came under Swedish domination and was annexed by Russia (1721). Incorporated as a semiautonomous republic of the USSR (1923), Karelia became a member of the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union (1992).
During a halt of a few days in Poland on his way back from Vienna, King Augustus had explained to him a project for partitioning the transBaltic provinces of Sweden, by which Poland should recover Livonia and annex Esthonia, Russia should obtain Ingria and Karelia, and Denmark should take possession of Holstein.
These numbers vary from 318 to 400 species in Lapland, from 508 to 651 in Karelia, and attain 752 species for Finland proper; while the total for all Finland attains 1132 species.
By that treaty Peter acquired not only Ingria and Karelia, as originally contemplated, but also Livonia, Esthonia and part of Finland.