Jim CrowJim Crow
[alsoj- c-] traditional, institutionalized discrimination against or segregation of blacks, esp. in the S U.S.
Origin of Jim Crowname of an early black minstrel song
or jim crow
The systematic practice of discriminating against and segregating black people, especially as practiced in the American South from the end of Reconstruction to the mid-1900s.
- Upholding or practicing discrimination against and segregation of black people: Jim Crow laws; a Jim Crow town.
- Reserved or set aside for a racial or ethnic group that is to be discriminated against: “I told them I wouldn't take a Jim Crow job” ( Ralph Bunche )
Origin of Jim CrowFrom obsolete Jim Crow derogatory name for a black person ultimately from the title of a 19th-century minstrel song
- (military) A World War II code name for patrols along the British coastline to intercept enemy aircraft, originally intended to warn of invasion in 1940.
- (engineering) A double-action planing tool invented by Joseph Whitworth, in which the blade ‘jumps’ to face the other way on the back-stroke.
- (rail transport) A tool for bending railway rails, by holding the rail with two arms and pushing a screw into the other side.
- Discriminatory against African Americans.
- Segregated between African Americans and Caucasians.
- A Jim Crow audience
From the minstrel show song "Jump Jim Crow", written in 1828 by Thomas D. Rice, the originator of blackface performance.