This camelia bush is a japonica.
japonica definition by Webster's New World
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
any of various trees, shrubs, or plants associated with the Far East, as a camellia or the Japanese quince
Origin: Modern Latin feminine of Japonicus, of Japan ; from Japonia, Japan ; from French Japon
japonica definition by American Heritage Dictionary
An ornamental shrub (Chaenomeles japonica) that is native to Japan and cultivated for its red flowers.
Origin: New Latin, species name, from Japonia, Japan.