hachure[ha s̸ho̵or′, has̸h′yo̵or′, has̸h′o̵or′; for v. ha s̸ho̵or′]
any of a series of short parallel lines used, esp. in map making, to represent a sloping or elevated surface
Origin of hachureFrench ; from Old French hacher, to chop ; from hache, ax ; from Frankish an unverified form hapja, sickle ; from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)kep- from source shaft, Classical Latin capo, capon, Classical Greek koptein, to chop
One of the short lines used on maps to shade or to indicate slopes and their degree and direction.
transitive verbha·chured, ha·chur·ing, ha·chures
To make hatching on (a map).
Origin of hachureFrench, from Old French, from hacher, to crosshatch; see hatch3.
- (cartography, chiefly historical) A line on a map indicating the steepness of a slope.
- Unlike contour lines, hachures are drawn in the direction of the slope and their thickness and closeness is used to represent the relief with shading. They are no longer used on most modern maps.
From French hachure (“crosshatching”), from hacher (“to hatch”).