- former Moorish kingdom in S Spain
- city in this region: site of the Alhambra
The city, established as a colony in the 5th century BC by the Greeks, was named Elibyrge or Elybirge (Ancient Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). It was destroyed in 1010. In the subsequent reconstruction, the suburb of Gharnáta (Arabic: غَرْنَاطَة) was incorporated in the city, and the modern name derives from this. With the arrival of the Zirid dynasty in 1013, Granada became an independent emirate Taifa of Granada.