Netherlands was distracted by the quarrels of Gomarists and Arminians.
He engaged twice in personal disputation with Arminius in the assembly of the estates of Holland in 1608, and was one of five Gomarists who met five Arminians or Remonstrants in the same assembly of 1609.
Their adversaries (the Gomarists) met them with a " counter-remonstrance," and so were known as the Counter-Remonstrants.
For some years there had been a war of words between the religious parties, known as the Gomarists (strict Calvinists) and the Arminians (moderate Calvinists).
The Gomarists in reply drew up a Contra-Remonstrance in seven articles, and appealed to a purely church synod.