Origin of fennelMiddle English fenel ; from Old English finul ; from Classical Latin faeniculum, diminutive of faenum, earlier fenum, hay
- a. A Eurasian plant (Foeniculum vulgare) in the parsley family, having pinnate leaves and clusters of small yellow flowers grouped in umbels, cultivated for its aromatic seeds and edible stalks.b. The seeds or stalks of this plant.
- A variety of fennel whose seeds are used as flavoring. Also called sweet fennel.
- A variety of fennel whose bulbous, celerylike stalks are eaten as a vegetable. Also called finocchio, Florence fennel.
Origin of fennelMiddle English fenel, from Old English fenol, from Latin fēnuculum, variant of faeniculum, diminutive of faenum, fēnum, hay; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots.
(usually uncountable, plural fennels)
From the Middle English fenel, from the Old English finuᵹl, finule (weak feminine forms); fenol, finul (masculine forms), from Old French fenoil, from the Vulgar Latin fēnuclum, fēnoclum, fēnuculum, from the Classical Latin faeniculum, a diminutive form of faenum (“hay”); compare the Italian finocchio, the Occitan fenolh, the French fenouil, and the Spanish hinojo.