nounpl. -·mons· or -·ma
- an earlier form of a word, as at an earlier period in the development of a language: in this dictionary etymons are shown in italic type within the etymologies (Ex.: Old English “eage” is the etymon of Modern English “eye”)
- a word or morpheme from which derivatives or compounds have developed
Origin of etymonClassical Latin from Classical Greek etymon, literal sense of a word, etymology, neuter of etymos, true from Indo-European an unverified form seto- from base an unverified form es-, to be from source is, Classical Latin sum, est
nounpl. et·y·mons, or et·y·ma
- An earlier form of a word in the same language or in an ancestor language. For example, Indo-European *duwo and Old English twā are etymons of Modern English two.
- A word or morpheme from which compounds and derivatives are formed.
- A foreign word from which a particular loan word is derived. For example, Latin duo, “two,” is an etymon of English duodecimal.
Origin of etymonLatin from Greek etumon true sense of a word from neuter of etumos true
(plural etymons or etyma)
- A source word of a given word.
From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (etumon, “the true sense of a word according to its origin”), from ἔτυμος (etumos, “true, real, actual”).