pl. -·mons· or -·ma
- an earlier form of a word, as at an earlier period in the development of a language: in this dictionary etymons are shown in italic type within the etymologies (Ex.: Old English “eage” is the etymon of Modern English “eye”)
- a word or morpheme from which derivatives or compounds have developed
Origin of etymonClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek etymon, literal sense of a word, etymology, neuter of etymos, true ; from Indo-European an unverified form seto- ; from base an unverified form es-, to be from source is, Classical Latin sum, est
nounpl. et·y·mons or et·y·ma
- An earlier form of a word in the same language or in an ancestor language. For example, Indo-European *duwo and Old English twa are etymons of Modern English two.
- A word or morpheme from which compounds and derivatives are formed.
- A foreign word from which a particular loan word is derived. For example, Latin duo, “two,” is an etymon of English duodecimal.
Origin of etymonLatin, from Greek etumon, true sense of a word, from neuter of etumos, true.
(plural etymons or etyma)
- A source word of a given word.
From Ancient Greek ἔτυμον (etumon, “the true sense of a word according to its origin”), from ἔτυμος (etumos, “true, real, actual”).