ergative definition by Webster's New World
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- designating, of, or in the case that is taken by the subject of a transitive verb in some languages, as Basque or Georgian, in which the direct object of a transitive verb and the subject of the related intransitive share the same case
- designating or of a verb or language whose transitive and intransitive uses are related in this way
ergative definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb is expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
- Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
- The ergative case.
- An ergative inflection.
- A nominal having an ergative form.
Origin: From Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.
- erˌga·tivˈi·ty noun