- designating, of, or in the case that is taken by the subject of a transitive verb in some languages, as Basque or Georgian, in which the direct object of a transitive verb and the subject of the related intransitive share the same case
- designating or of a verb or language whose transitive and intransitive uses are related in this way
- Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb are expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
- Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
- The ergative case.
- An ergative inflection.
- A nominal having an ergative form.
Origin of ergativeFrom Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.
- (grammar) Used of various situations where the subject of constructions have different grammatical cases or thematic relations to those of intransitive constructions.
- The case systems of ergative languages are counterintuitive to speakers of Indo-European languages.
- (linguistics) The ergative case.
- (linguistics) An ergative verb or other expression.
From the Ancient Greek ἐργάτης (ergatēs, “worker”), from ἔργον (ergon, “work”).