FULMINIC ACID, Hcno or H 2 C 2 N 2 0 2, an organic acid isomeric with cyanic and cyanuric acids; its salts, termed fulminates, are very explosive and are much employed as detonators.
Mention may be made here of cyanuric acid, H3C3N303, which contains the same ring system as the cyanidines.
It was first prepared by C. Scheele and is formed when urea HO C< N C-OH is strongly heated or when cyanuric chloride > N is treated with water.
Hantzsch, Ber., 1906, 39, p. 139): Ordinary temperature Cyamelide (CNOH) 3 Cyanic acid CNOH HO ions 1 High Cyanuric acid Decomposes with temperature
Graham's work was developed by Liebig, who called into service many organic acids - citric, tartaric, cyanuric, comenic and meconic - and showed that these resembled phosphoric acid; and he established as the criterion of polybasicity the existence of compound salts with different metallic oxides.