country in the NW Balkan Peninsula: at one time part of Austria-Hungary, it was a constituent republic of Yugoslavia (1946-91): 21,831 sq mi (56,542 sq km); cap. Zagreb
A country of southern Europe along the northeast Adriatic coast. It was settled by Croats in the 7th century, became a kingdom in the 10th century, and reached the height of its power in the 11th century before being conquered by Hungary in 1091. After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Croatia became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which later became Yugoslavia. Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, triggering a period of warfare between ethnic Croats and ethnic Serbs that lasted until 1995. Zagreb is the capital and the largest city.
- Country in Europe. Official name: Republic of Croatia.