The capital of Eritrea, in the western part of the country at an altitude of about 2,225 m (7,300 ft). It was used as a base for the Italian invasion of Ethiopia (1935-1936).x
- The capital of Eritrea.
- ASMARA, the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea, N.E.
- Asmara, an Amharic word signifying "good pasture place," is a town of considerable antiquity.
- Asmara appears to have been one of the most prosperous of these villages, and to have attained commercial importance through being on the high road from Axum to Massawa.
- In 1872 Munzinger, now in Egyptian service, annexed Asmara to the khedivial dominions, but in 1884, owing to the rise of the mandi,Egypt evacuated her Abyssinian provinces and Asmara was chosen by Ras Alula, the representative of the negus Johannes (King John), as his headquarters.
- In 1900 the seat of government was transferred from Massawa to Asmara, which in its modern form is the creation of the Italians.