- one of the chief magistrates of ancient Athens
- a ruler or chief officer
Origin of archonClassical Greek archōn ; from archein: see arch-
- A high official; a ruler.
- One of the nine principal magistrates of ancient Athens.
- An authoritative figure; a leader: archons of cultural modernism.
Origin of archonLatin archōn, from Greek arkhōn, from present participle of arkhein, to rule.
(plural archontes or archons)
- A chief magistrate of ancient Athens.
- 1980: Hated by the archons of Athens for his fearless condemnation of municipal graft, he was hypocritically arraigned on a charge of corrupting Athenian youth. (Burgess, Earthly Powers)
- A ruler, head of state or other leader.
- 1922: But neither the midwife’s lore nor the caudlectures saved him from the archons of Sinn Fein and their noggin of hemlock. (Joyce, Ulysses)
- (Gnosticism) A supernatural being subordinate to the Demiurge.
From Ancient Greek ἄρχων (arkhōn), a noun use of the present participle of ἄρχειν (arkhein, “to rule”).