also Hei·long or Hei·long·jiang
- The world's ninth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China, emptying into the Pacific Ocean through the Strait of Tartary, where the mouth of the river faces the northern end of the island of Sakhalin.
- Amur Region or Amurskaya Oblast - a federal subject of Russia, its administrative centre is Blagoveshchensk.
From Russian Амур (Amur) of unknown origin, but most likely meaning "black river" or "black dragon," judging from Manchu sahaliyan ula "black river," Mongolian Хара-Мурэн (Khara-Muren) "black river," and Chinese 黑龍江 (heilong jiang) "black dragon river," hence the likely calques. The second syllable mur may be cognate with Mongolian muren "river," Korean 물 (mur or mul) "water, river," obsolete Korean 미르 (mireu) "dragon," etc.
- Across the desert to Charjui, on the Amur river, Bokhara and the Russian fort Katta-kurgan, and then to Samarkand, Kokand and Andijan in Ferghana, 710 m.
- 2 Besides this, the Duma had passed before its adjournment on the 28th of October 1908 much useful legislation, some 300 bills in all, including two for the building of important railways on the Amur and in Siberia.
- The Amur proper flows at first in a south-easterly direction for about Boo m., as far as long.
- 132' E., separating Manchuria from the Amur government; it then turns to the north-east, cuts its way through the Little Khingan mountains in a gorge 2000 ft.
- Its principal tributaries from the south are the Sungari, which the Chinese consider to be the true head-river of the Amur, and the Usuri; from the north it receives the Oldoi, Zeya, Bureya, Kur, Gorin and Amgun.