Origin of amoxicillinam(ino)- + ox(y)-1 + (pen)icillin
Amoxicillin is a moderate spectrum bacteriolytic antibiotic. It is often used to treat bacterial infections, and it is usually used to treat the types of infections caused by microorganisms.
Amoxicillin works by inhibiting the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. This means that it stops any cross linkage that would normally occur between the linear peptidoglycan polymer chains that compose the large component of the cell walls.
Amoxicillin is available in a number of different forms. You can take it as a capsule, as a chewable pill, and as a syrup. Additionally, you can use Amoxicillin as the sodium salt for intravenous administration. It is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics, and it is frequently prescribed to children.
Side Effects of Amoxicillin
There are some side effects for the antibiotic including:
Colitis is an inflammation of the colon, or an inflammation of the large intestine. In about ten percent of the cases of children taking the medicine, they develop a rash known as the “Amoxicillin-induced morbilliform rash.”
The rash begins on the buttocks and spreads from that area. It is described as being measles-like in appearance and symptoms. Usually the rash is not an indication of an allergic reaction to the medicine. The rash can sometimes occur in adults as well, and it usually occurs about seventy-two hours after taking the medicine.
Sometimes the non-allergic form of the rash is an indication of infectious mononucleosis. Between eighty to ninety percent of the patients treated with Amoxicillin that have this virus do in fact develop a non allergic rash. It occurs in individuals who have never taken Penicillin-like medicine in their lives.
Occasionally, an individual may have an allergic reaction to the medicine. If one has an allergic reaction, the effects can actually be quite severe. The reaction will occur quickly and intensely, and one must be given medical attention instantly.
The reaction will occur with:
- Change in mental state
- Skin will quickly become quite itchy
Sometimes other symptoms might be an indication of an allergic reaction, such as odd behavior that is out of character. If these symptoms occur, you must quickly go to the hospital or doctor.
Origin of amoxicillinam(ino)- (hydr)ox(y) (pen)icillin
- Aminopenicillins such as ampicillin and amoxicillin have an extended spectrum of action compared with the natural penicillins; extended spectrum penicillins are effective against a wider range of bacteria.
- Oral amoxicillin or cephalosporins are often administered first in treating milder cases of pneumococcal pneumonia in children younger than age five, though they are not used in newborns.
- When this happens a doctor may prescribe other antibiotics such as amoxicillin (Amoxil, Pentamox, Sumox, Trimox), clindamycin (Cleocin), or a cephalosporin (Keflex, Durocef, Ceclor).
- Children under age eight are usually given amoxicillin (Amoxil, Pentamox, Sumox, Trimox) because tetracycline discolors permanent teeth that have not yet come in.
- These include penicillin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin; sulfisoxazole or sulfamethoxazole; trimethoprim; nitrofurantoin; cephalosporins; or fluoroquinolones.