seaport & capital of Algeria, on the Mediterranean: pop. 1,688,000: a base of Barbary pirates until its capture by the French in 1830
The capital and largest city of Algeria, in the northern part of the country on the Mediterranean Sea. An ancient North African port, Algiers was captured by French forces in 1830 and was later a pivotal center of the struggle for Algerian independence.
- The capital of Algeria.
From Arabic الجزائر (al-jazāʾir, “the islands”), plural of جزيرة (jazīra, “island”), referring to the several small islands that once existed in the Bay of Algiers.