- A city now in northern Syria, formerly an important city in the ancient world (Beroea of Seleucid empire).
From Italian Aleppo, from French Alep, from Turkish Halep, from Arabic حلب (Ḥalab), of uncertain origin. Folk-etymologically explained as from Arabic حَلَبَ (ḥalaba, “gave out milk”), coming from the ancient tradition that Abraham gave milk to travelers as they moved throughout the region. Attested in Akkadian as [script?] (Halab, Halap), Hittite [script?] (Ḫalpa), Ugaritic [script?] (Ḥlb), Aramaic [script?] (Ḥlb), Old Armenian Խաղաբ (Xałab).
- Had much of the churchmanship of Godfrey and Baldwin I.; but he appears most decidedly as an incessant warrior, under whom the Latin domination in the East stretched, as Ibn al-Athir writes, in a long line from Mardin in the North to el-Arish on the Red Sea - a line only broken by the Mahommedan powers of Aleppo, Hamah, Horns and Damascus.
- Other trees of southern France are the cork-oak and the Aleppo and maritime pines.
- On the collapse of the rebellion he fled to Turkey, adopted Mahommedanism, and under the name of Murad Pasha served as governor of Aleppo, at which place, at the risk of his life, he saved the Christian population from being massacred by the Moslems. Here he died on the 6th of September 1850.
- Balis), the former port of Aleppo, now, owing to changes in the bed, some distance from the water.
- His later life was spent in various parts of the Moslem world, in Aleppo with Saif-ud-Daula (to whom he dedicated the Book of Songs), in Rai with the Buyid vizier Ibn `Abbad and elsewhere.