- Any of several inherited conditions characterized by the reduction or absence of the pigment melanin in a person or animal, resulting in lack of pigmentation in the eyes, skin, and hair. Humans with albinism usually have vision problems.
- Lack of chlorophyll in a plant or plant part, resulting in a pale color.
Origin of albinismFrench albinisme from German Albinismus from Albino albino from Portuguese; see albino .
(countable and uncountable, plural albinisms)
From albino (from Latin albus/alba via Spanish and Portuguese albo/alba, "white") + -ism.