Hardware and software that governs data transmission over the air. Following are the wireless protocol definitions in this encyclopedia. See communications protocol. Long Range See 3G, 4G, LTE, WiMAX, communications satellite, LMDS and MMDS. Medium Range See Wi-Fi, 802.11af and 802.11ah. Short Range See Bluetooth, ZigBee, Z-Wave, ANT, wireless high definition and WPAN.