(legal case) In July 1988, the British press talked much about the cyber exploits of “The Mad Hacker” Nicholas Whitely. Whitely’s claim to fame was that in May of 1990, he was one of the first crackers in Britain to be convicted under the Criminal Damage Act of 1971. He was given a custodial sentence for cracking into a system and causing it to crash, with damages resulting from this incident estimated to be about £25,000. Schell, B.H., Dodge, J.L., with S.S. Moutsatsos. The Hacking of America: Who’s Doing It, Why, and How. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2002.