A city of central Chile on the Pacific Ocean west-northwest of Santiago. Founded in 1536, it has frequently been subject to severe earthquakes. The modern city developed as an industrial center and the chief port of Chile in the early 1900s.x
- The Transandine line, designed to open railway communication between Buenos Aires and Valparaiso, was so far completed early in 1909 that on the Argentine side only the summit tunnel, 2 m.
- Communication with the United States is effected by land lines to Valparaiso, and thence by a cable along the west coast.
- VALPARAISO, a city and the county-seat of Porter (disambiguation)|Porter county, Indiana, U.S.A., about 40 m.
- The city has a public library (1905), and is the seat of an Institute of Telegraphy (founded in 1874; chartered in 1900) and of Valparaiso University (1873; formerly known as the Valparaiso Normal Training School).
- Valparaiso was settled about 1835, incorporated in 1856 as a village and chartered as a city in 1865.