- country in SE South America, on the Atlantic: 68,039 sq mi (176,220 sq km); cap. Montevideo
- river in SE South America flowing from S Brazil into the Río de la Plata: c. 1,000 mi (1,609 km)
A country of southeast South America on the Atlantic Ocean and the Río de la Plata. Originally inhabited by various indigenous peoples, the area was colonized in the 1600s by the Spanish and Portuguese, with Spain establishing sole dominance after 1724. Uruguay declared independence from Spain in 1810 and from Argentina in 1814, struggling against Brazilian occupation to achieve full independence in 1828. Montevideo is the capital and the largest city.x
- Many of the hollow agates of Brazil and Uruguay contain a crop of amethyst-crystals in the interior.
- Passing into the service of Uruguay, he was sent to Corrientes with a small flotilla to oppose Rosas's forces, but was overtaken by Admiral Brown, against whose fleet he fought for three days.
- Forsaking the priesthood about 1864, he was employed as a diplomatist by the British government in Egypt, Asia Minor, the West Indies, and Bulgaria, being appointed resident minister in Uruguay in 1884; he died at Montevideo on the 30th of September 1888.
- By Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic, W.
- The Argentine " mesopotamia," between the Parana and Uruguay rivers, belongs in great measure to this same region, being partly wooded, flat and swampy in the north (Corrientes), but higher and undulating in the south (Entre Rios).