Pashley (Travels in Crete, 1837) Crete was the worst governed province of the Turkish empire.
The western part of the area falls within the Turkish empire.
He was deeply interested in the question of the southern boundaries of Russia and consequently ij1 the fate of the Turkish Empire.
This now stretched from Lubeck to the Pyrenees, from Brest to Rome; while another arm (only nominally severed from the empire by the Napoleonic kingdom of Italy) extended down the eastern shore of the Adriatic to Ragusa and Cattaro, threatening the Turkish empire with schemes of partition always imminent but never achieved.
Zaila became a dependency of Yemen and thus nominally part of the Turkish empire.