"Torricelli." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 30 April 2019. <https://www.yourdictionary.com/Torricelli>.
Torricelli. (n.d.). Retrieved April 30th, 2019, from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Torricelli
Italian mathematician and physicist noted for discovering that the atmosphere exerts pressure. He demonstrated that this pressure affected the level of mercury in a tube, thereby inventing the mercury barometer (1643).
To these curves, which were also applied to effect some quadratures, Evangelista Torricelli gave the name of "Robervallian lines."
Benedetto Castelli (1577-1644), and Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647), two of the disciples of Galileo, applied the discoveries of their master to the science of hydrodynamics.
The theorem of Torricelli was employed by many succeeding writers, but particularly by Edme Mariotte (1620-1684), whose Traite du mouvement des eaux, published after his death in the year 1686, is founded on a great variety of well-conducted experiments on the motion of fluids, performed at Versailles and Chantilly.
Incited by the discoveries of Galileo, Pascal and Torricelli, he attempted the, creation of a vacuum.
The cycloid was a famous curve in those days; it had been discussed by Galileo, Descartes, Fermat, Roberval and Torricelli, who had in turn exhausted their skill upon it.