A widely used public domain, compact, relational database engine developed for the U.S. Navy by D. Richard Hipp of General Dynamics in 2000. The design goal was a compact database engine for embedded systems without the overhead of a full-blown database management system (DBMS). Based on SQL and pronounced "S-Q-L-ite," SQLite is linked into the software application, which makes direct programming calls to SQLite functions. Viewing an SQLite database outside of the application requires a third-party SQLite browser utility. SQLite is extremely popular for embedded systems. It is also used by operating systems, Web browsers and countless mobile applications, including the smartphone and tablet versions of this encyclopedia. For more information, visit www.sqlite.org. See database engine, DBMS.