(legal case) At the DefCon 9 hacking gathering in Las Vegas in July 2001, Russian Dmitry Sklyarov was arrested about the time he was to give his talk to the hacker crowd. Sklyarov developed a software program sold by his Russian employer ElcomSoft Co. Ltd. to permit users to download e-books from secure Adobe software to more commonly used PDF computer files. He, and later his company, were charged with violating provisions under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) in the United States. Both Skylarov and his company were eventually cleared of any wrongdoing because of jurisdictional issues. Schell, B.H., Dodge, J.L., with S.S. Moutsatsos. The Hacking of America: Who’s Doing It, Why, and How. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2002.