A network protocol used to manage TCP/IP networks. On UNIX systems and in Windows, the SNMP service provides status information about a host on a TCP/IP network, as well as a means of managing network hosts (such as bridges, hubs, routers, and workstations or servers) from a computer running network-management software. SNMP utilizes a distributed architecture of agents and management systems. Because network management is critical for both auditing and resource management, SNMP can be used to do a number of useful things, including auditing network usage, configuring remote devices, detecting network faults and nonauthorized access, and monitoring network performance.
Microsoft Corporation. SNMP Defined. [Online, 2004.] Microsoft Corporation Website. http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/WindowsServ/ 2003/standard/proddocs/en-us/Default.asp?url=/resources/documentation/WindowsServ/ 2003/standard/proddocs/en-us/sag_snmpwhatis.asp.