(place) Ancient region in E Europe, between the Vistula & Volga rivers, occupied by the Sarmatians (c. 300 b.c.-c. a.d. 200)
An ancient region of eastern Europe northeast of the Black Sea. The Sarmatian people occupied the area after the fourth century bc and fled across the Carpathian Mountains and along the Danube River after the onslaught of the Huns. The term is also applied to the territory between the Vistula and Volga Rivers during the time of the Roman Empire.
Sarmatia Sentence Examples
With the disappearance of the Scythae as an ethnic and political entity, the name of Scythia gives place in its original seat to that of Sarmatia, and is artificially applied by geographers, on the one hand, to the Dobrudzha, the lesser Scythia of Strabo, where it remained in official use until Byzantine times; on the other, to the unknown regions of northern Asia, the Eastern Scythia of Strabo, the "Scythia intra et extra Imaum" of Ptolemy; but throughout classical literature Scythia generally meant all regions to the north and north-east of the Black Sea, and a Scythian (Scythes) any barbarian coming from those parts.
The term Sarmatia is applied by later writers to as much as was known of what is now Russia, including all that which the older authorities call Scythia, the latter name being transferred to regions farther east.
Ptolemy gives maps of European and Asiatic Sarmatia.