"Sardis." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 16 January 2019. <https://www.yourdictionary.com/Sardis>.
Sardis. (n.d.). Retrieved January 16th, 2019, from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Sardis
An ancient city of western Asia Minor east of modern-day Izmir, Turkey. As the capital of Lydia it was the political and cultural center of Asia Minor from 650 to c. 550 BC and remained an important city during Roman and Byzantine times. Sardis was destroyed by Tamerlane in 1402.
He first went to take possession of the old Lydian capital Sardis, the headquarters of the Persian government on this side of the Taurus, and the strong city surrendered without a blow.
It lay on the ancient trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates, on the Persian "Royal Road" from Sardis to Susa, and on the great Roman highway from Ephesus to the East.
Samsat itself represents the ancient Samosata, the capital of the Seleucid kings of Commagene (Kuinukh of the Assyrian inscriptions), and here the Persian Royal Road from Sardis to Susa is supposed to have crossed the river.
In the autumn of 546 Sardis was taken and the Lydian kingdom became a province of the Persians.
In the spring of 401 Cyrus united all his forces and advanced from Sardis, without announcing the object of his expedition.