The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the south-central part of the country southwest of Belgrade, Serbia. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife here on June 28, 1914, triggered the outbreak of World War I. After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1992, Sarajevo was the object of a long siege by Bosnian Serb forces, until a peace agreement was signed in 1995, ending the civil war.x
- In July 65 schoolboys from Sarajevo and Travnik received similar sentences, and again in Oct.
- From this group came the young Bosnian Serb students Princip, Cabrinovic, Graben and others, who murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand and the Duchess of Hohenberg at Sarajevo on June 28 1914, and thus lit a spark in the European powder magazine.
- After the Archduke's murder the headquarters of various Serbian institutions in Sarajevo had been sacked by mobs, with the open connivance of the police: after the outbreak of war practically all Serb societies and schools were closed in Bosnia.
- During the spring of 1915 the official organ at Sarajevo published list after list of Bosnian-Serb families who were thus declared to have forfeited their citizenship: and many thousands of women and children were driven across the Montenegrin frontier, often with only the clothes in which they stood.
- The Orthodox Church in Austria-Hungary, which, however, really consists of four independent sections: the Servians of Hungary and Croatia, under the patriarch of Karlowitz; the Rumanians of Transylvania, under the archbishop of Hermannstadt; the Ruthenians of Bukovina, under the metropolitan of Czernowitz; and the Serbs of Bosnia-Herzogovina, where there are four sees, that of Sarajevo holding the primacy.