A city of southern Uzbekistan southwest of Tashkent. Dating from the seventh century BC, the city was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329, taken by the Arabs in the eighth century AD, and destroyed by Genghis Khan c. 1220. It was rebuilt as a fabled center of great splendor and opulence when it became (c. 1370) the capital of Tamerlane's empire.x
- It was divided into five provinces: Semiryechia, Syr Dania, Ferghana, Samarkand and Trans-Caspia.
- In 1497 he attacked and gained possession of Samarkand, to which he always seems to have thought he had a natural and hereditary right.
- After capturing Smyrna he returned to Samarkand (1405).
- JIZAKH, a town of Russian Central Asia, in the province of Samarkand, on the Transcaspian railway, 71 m.
- There is more than one meaning of Samarkand discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.