Samarkand meaning

sămər-kănd
City in E Uzbekistan: capital (as Maracanda) of Tamerlane's empire (1370-1405)
proper name
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A city of southern Uzbekistan southwest of Tashkent. Dating from the seventh century bc , the city was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329, taken by the Arabs in the eighth century ad , and destroyed by Genghis Khan c. 1220. It was rebuilt as a fabled center of great splendor and opulence when it became (c. 1370) the capital of Tamerlane's empire.
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