The railways of the state are the Recife and Sao Francisco (77 m.), Central de Pernambuco (132 m.) and Sul de Pernambuco (120 m.) - all government properties leased to the Great Western of Brazil Railway Co., Ltd., since 1901.
Besides these there are the line from Recife to Limoeiro and Timbauba (112 m.), with an extension from Timbauba to Pilar (24 m.).
The capital of the state is Recife, commonly known among foreigners as Pernambuco.
By Cape Recife, E.
Of Cape Recife these emigrants founded a town, Port Elizabeth, its harbour being sheltered from all winds save the S.E.