As a critic of independent views he won the approval of Goethe; on the other hand, he fell into violent controversy with Ranke about questions connected with Italian history.
It is at this period that Ranke believes Maximilian to have entertained the idea of a universal monarchy; but whatever hopes he may have had were shattered by the death of his son Philip and the rupture of the treaty of Blois.
Ranke, Weltgeschichte, bk.
von Ranke, Englische Geschichte (1859-1868).
Vita del pontifice Paolo Quarto (Modena, 1618); Ranke, Popes (Eng.