Ancient city in Macedonia, near the Gulf of Salonika: scene of a battle (168 b.c.) of the final Roman defeat of the Macedonians.
The Muses also gathered up the fragments of his body and buried them at Leibethra below Olympus, where the nightingales sang over his grave, while yet another legend places his tomb at Dium, near Pydna in Macedonia.
At the division of Macedonia into four districts by the Romans after the battle of Pydna (168) the Bisaltae were included in Macedonia Prima (Livy xlv.
Perseus defeated Crassus at Callinicus in Thessaly, but in 168 he was annihilated at Pydna by L.
Moreover the defeat of Perseus at Pydna set Rome free to take a strong line in Egypt.
These fifty-three years are those between 220 (the point at which the work of Aratus ended) and 168 B.C., and extend therefore f om the outbreak of the Hannibalic War to the defeat of Perseus at Pydna.