Msw-abc-s meaning

This tutorial is for newcomers to Microsoft Word and will provide the essentials for working with Word documents. Keep this on screen while you work with Word, and press Alt-Tab to jump back and forth between both applications. If your screen is large enough, you can size both windows so they appear on screen at the same time. For more information on Windows basics, see Win abc's, Win10 abc's and Win8 abc's.Also, if you don't understand a term used in any of these explanations, just look it up. Everything is in the Encyclopedia.All the individual subjects in this tutorial are replicated under their own topic names with an MSW prefix. You can always go back and review a topic without having to search for it in this entry. For example, if you want to review how to set margins, you would look up "MSW Margins."Word 2000 UsersAll the screen shots in this tutorial come from Word 97 unless otherwise noted. There are only the slightest differences between Word 97 and Word 2000 for the examples provided in this tutorial. In Word 2000, there may be more icons on the toolbar or more options in a menu, but the essential functions you are learning here are the same.Create a DocumentTo create a Word document, click the Start button on the Windows Taskbar, choose Programs and Microsoft Word from the submenu.Word opens to a blank document which has preset margins and font styles. A new Word document is named Document1 until it is saved and renamed. If additional documents are created before you exit Word, they will be named Document2, Document3 and so on.Create Another DocumentTo create another document, select the File menu and then New (File/New). Word will ask you which "template" you want to use. A template serves as a master style sheet that contains preset margins and tabs (and other layout settings) which are applied to the new document when it is created. The Blank Document is the most commonly used template and is the default when you start Word.Working with FontsA font is a set of type characters of a particular typeface design and size. Usually, each typeface (Times Roman, Arial, etc.) is made available in four variations: normal weight, bold, italic and bold italic. The default font in Word is Times New Roman, 10 point.Any of the available fonts may be selected as the default font. To do so, select Format/Font. Choose the preferred options and click Default. From now on until you change it, each time a new document is opened, the default font will be the one you just selected.Change Fonts for Part of the DocumentTo change a portion of text within a document, highlight the text, and click the down arrow next to the Font Name on the Word toolbar. Scroll through the list and select another font. To save you time scrolling through the list, the font list puts your often-used fonts at the top. For example, if one of your fonts were Verdana, it can be selected from the top of the list instead of having to scroll down to the V's.If you have not highlighted text before, just point the mouse to the beginning of the text, press the left mouse button down, and while holding the button down, move the mouse to the end of the text. Then let go of the button. You can move diagonally over the section to highlight a rectangular area.Change Font SizeTo change font size, highlight the text to be changed, and click the down arrow next to the Font Size on the Word toolbar.Bold - Italic - UnderlineTo change existing text to bold, italic or underline, highlight the text and click the B, I or U buttons on the Word toolbar. To type in new text with a different format, switch to the new style by clicking B, I or U. To switch back to normal, click B, I or U when you are finished typing.The Ruler LineAt the top of the document is a set of ruler markings that show the margins and tabs that are set in the document. You also use the ruler to set tabs and margins.Can't See the Ruler?If the ruler is hidden, bring it into view by selecting View/Ruler.Setting MarginsMargins are invisible lines that keep text away from the edges of the page. There are preset margins at the top, bottom, left and right. The margins at the top and bottom allow room for headers and footers.Change Margins for the Whole DocumentTo change Margins for the entire document, choose File/Page Setup and change the numbers. Be sure that Whole Document is selected in the Apply To box. As soon as you make a change, the effect can be seen in the Preview area.To change the default margins for all your documents, select File/Page Setup, set your margins and click Default. Word will now apply your new margin settings to all the documents created with that same template.Drag the Margin MarkersTo change margins, you can also highlight your text and drag the margin markers on the ruler just like you do on an electric typewriter. There is an up-arrow marker for the right margin, but there are two arrows for the left margin. The down-arrow marker is for the first line of the paragraph, and the up-arrow is for the rest of the paragraph. They move independently so you can create an indent for the first line that is either in or out. When the first line extends farther to the left than the body of the paragraph, it is called a "hanging indent" or "hanging paragraph" as in the example below.Change Margins for a Section of TextTo change margins for a section of the document, highlight the text, and drag the margin markers to the new location.Centering and JustificationWord automatically aligns text to the left margin with a ragged right margin, which is the most common style. To change the alignment, highlight the text to be changed and click the left, center, right or justified buttons, which are located next to the B, I and U buttons on the Word toolbar.To type text with a different alignment, click the appropriate alignment button before you start typing. Justification means both left and right margins are straight like a newspaper column.Tab StopsA tab stop is used in a document to line up columns. When you press the Tab key on the keyboard, the screen cursor moves to the next tab stop on the line. Tab stops are pre-set in Word for every half inch.There are four types of tabs, but the most commonly used are left aligned and decimal. Use the left tab to line up columns of names, and use the decimal tab to line up columns of numbers.Setting TabsTo set a tab, be sure the tab symbol on the left side of the ruler is set to the type you want. If not, click the symbol until the type you want is visible. Then, click the ruler where you want the tab to go. The tab stop symbol will be displayed on the ruler. After placing the tab stop on the ruler, you can move it by dragging it to a new location.Save, Close and ExitSaving your document transfers everything on screen to the hard disk so you can retrieve it later. To save a document, select File/Save. Closing your document does the same thing but also removes the document from the screen. When you are finished with the document, select File/Close.Save AsThe Save As function is very useful for making copies of the same document with different names or saving your document with the same name in different folders. The difference between Save As and Save is that Save As prompts you for a file name, whereas Save just writes the contents of your screen to the same file.Quitting WordTo quit Word, select File/Exit. If you made changes without saving, Word will prompt you to save the changes.The Default FolderWord defaults to saving your new document in the My Documents folder. You can override that by selecting another folder. If you are unfamiliar with file and folder organization, see Win Folder organization.Word also makes up a new name for your file by taking the first characters of text in the document. You can override this by typing directly on top of the suggested name.Open a DocumentTo open a Word document, select File/Open. Select the folder the document was saved in, and click on the document to open it.Cut - Copy - PasteText can be moved around easily in Word. To move a sentence or section of text to a different location in a document, highlight the text and select Edit/Cut, then go to the new location and select Edit/Paste. To copy a selection, select Edit/Copy instead of Edit/Cut.The Word 97 Clipboard Is MonogamousWhen text is cut in Word 97, it is removed from the original location and placed temporarily in the clipboard, but the clipboard holds only one selection. When you cut or copy the next time, the new selection is placed into the clipboard, and the previous selection is lost. So when you cut something from your document, be sure to paste it somewhere before you cut or copy again. But, you can paste the same selection into as many places or as many documents as you wish as long as you do not cut or copy something else.The Word 2000 Clipboard Holds 12 SelectionsWord 2000 can hold up to 12 selections that have been cut or copied. The only unfortunate thing is that you have to remember the sequence. When you cut or copy something in Word 2000, the following clipboard dialog box will be displayed.UndoWord lets you reverse the actions you take. To undo the last thing you did, choose Edit/Undo. To Undo several actions, click on the Undo list button on the Word toolbar and click as far down the list as you want to go. All the actions will be undone to that point.Page breaksWhen a page is filled with text or images, Word adds a new page to the document. To start a new page before the page would break automatically, place the cursor at the desired location on the page and select Insert/Break, then click Page Break.Page NumbersTo add page numbers to your document, select Insert/Page Numbers to open the Page Numbers dialog box. Be sure Position and Alignment are set the way you want. As soon as you make a change, the effect can be seen in the Preview area.Spell CheckingWhen Word encounters a misspelled word, it puts a red wiggly line underneath it. To see Word's suggestions for the correct spelling, right click on the word. Select the correct word or select Ignore All to bypass it. If you use this word a lot and want to add it to the dictionary, click Add. All future occurrences of the word will be considered correctly spelled.Have Word Correct Your TyposIf you select AutoCorrect and pick the correct spelling, Word will automatically correct your misspelling whenever you type it.Turn Spellchecking On and OffTo stop Word from spellchecking your words as you type, select Tools/Options, click the Spelling & Grammar Tab and deselect Check Spelling as You Type.Find & ReplaceTo locate a word or phrase in a Word document, use Edit/Find. Enter the word or phrase into the Find what: field and select Find Next.To replace a word or phrase, select the Replace tab and enter the text to be found and the text to be replaced. Select Replace for one instance at a time or Replace All to change all at once.Where to SearchFind and Find and Replace can be applied to an entire document or to just a portion of it. That choice is made from the Search drop-down menu, which is viewed on the left side of the dialog box about half way down. If this option is not shown, click the More button to display the bottom half of the dialog with more options.Other Features You Should KnowFollowing are several features you might use when working in Word. They are summarized here, but the details follow under their own topic headings.End of Microsoft Word ABC's.
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