A city of southern Myanmar (Burma) on the Andaman Sea east of Yangon. The chief town of British Burma from 1826 to 1852, it is a port and commercial center.
Seaport in S Myanmar, on the Gulf of Martaban.
It was founded by the British in 1826 on the restoration of the town of Martaban to the Burmese, and named in compliment to the governor-general of India of that day; but in 1827 the headquarters were transferred to Moulmein.
Amherst has been eclipsed in prosperity by the latter city, and is now merely a bathing-place for Moulmein.
The river highways bring down inexhaustible supplies of rice to Moulmein, the chief town of the district, as also of the province of Tenasserim.
The third natural division of Burma is the old province of Tenasserim, which, constituted in 1826 with Moulmein as its capital, formed the nucleus from which the British supremacy throughout Burma has grown.