A city of southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The chief Turkish administrative and commercial center of Herzegovina from the 1500s, it passed to Austria in 1878 and to Yugoslavia after World War I. In 1993 ethnic Croats proclaimed the city the capital of the breakaway Croat republic Herceg-Bosna, and many structures, including a historic 16th-century bridge, were destroyed as a result of fighting between Muslims, Croats, and Serbs.x
North of Mostar, it cleaves a passage through the celebrated Narenta defile, a narrow gorge, 12 m.
Model farms were established at Livno and at Gacko, on the Montenegrin border; a school of viticulture near Mostar; a model poultry-farm at Prijedor, close to the Croatian boundary;.
West-north-west of Mostar to the bend of the river Narenta, differs in many respects from the larger territory.
The surface of some, as notably the Mostarsko Blato, lying west of Mostar, is marshy, and in spring forms a lake; others are watered by streams which disappear in swallow-holes of the rock, and make their way by underground channels either to the sea or the Narenta.
Serajevo, with 41,543 inhabitants in 1895, is the capital of the combined provinces, and other important places are Mostar (17,010), the capital of Herzegovina, Banjaluka (14,812), Dolnja Tuzla (11,034), Travnik (6626), Livno (5273), Visoko(5000), Foca (4217), Jajce (3929) and Trebinje (2966).