political unit of France, consisting of an island group in the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean: formerly part of the Comoro Islands, it voted to remain affiliated with France while the other islands voted for independence (1974): 144 sq mi (373 sq km)
The administration was entrusted to a subordinate of the governor of Mayotte until 1896, when Nossi-be was placed under the administration of Madagascar (q.v.).
Mayotte, about 21 m.
Mayotte was devastated in 1898 by a cyclone of great severity.
Sugar refineries, distilleries of rum, and sawmills are worked in Mayotte by French settlers.
A Sakalava chief who had been driven from Madagascar by the Hovas took refuge in Mayotte c. 1830, and, with the aid of the sultan of Johanna, conquered the island, which for a century had been given over to civil war.