Pentedaktylon, 7900 ft.), which starts from the Arcadian mountains on the N., and at its southern extremity forms the promontory of Taenarum (Cape Matapan).
he joined a " crusade " against the Turks in which his ships helped to win a naval action off Cape Matapan (1717).
In 1897 the ship " Washington " obtained depths of 2220 fathoms in the middle of the eastern Mediterranean; and the Austrian expeditions in the " Pola " discovered in the " Pola Deep " (35Ã‚° 44' N., 21 45' E.), south-west of Cape Matapan, a maximum depth of 2046 fathoms. Between these two deep areas a ridge runs in a north-westerly direction 550 fathoms from the surface - possibly a projection from the African plateau.
In the eastern basin the " Pola " expedition observed salinities of 38 7 to 39 o to the east of a line joining Cape Matapan with Alexandria, and 38 2 to 38 7 to the west of it.